What Are Credentials on a Wi-Fi Network? (Everything You Need to Know About Wi-Fi Network Credentials)

The Wi-Fi network has been around for quite some time. For many people, a Wi-Fi network is just something that makes connecting to the internet possible. Not many people care about what components make up a Wi-Fi network, and how it works. 

In this article, we will go over some basic knowledge about Wi-Fi networks, including the credentials on a Wi-Fi network, and how to manage them.

What Are Credentials on a Wi-Fi Network

What are Wi-Fi Network Credentials?

Wi-Fi network credentials consist of your wireless network name, also known as SSID (Service Set Identifier), and a Wi-Fi password. You’re going to need these two credentials to access your wireless network.

Wi-Fi Network Name (SSID)

It’s a unique Wi-Fi network name assigned to each Wi-Fi network. You can have as many as 32 characters – that’s needed since you have millions of routers out there, so the name has to be unique to identify your network name for the router to send data packets. But how do you find your network SSID?

On Your Router

Look at the back of your router. A typical router would have a sticker at the back panel that displays your network’s name or SSID.

Look at the back of your router

On Your Computer

You can follow these steps to find your network SSID on your computer:

  • Click on the Wi-Fi icon at the bottom-right corner of your computer screen.
  • A new small window on the right will list down all available network SSIDs around your computer.
  • Your current Wi-Fi network SSID will also appear on the list – it’s the SSID that says “Connected” and it appears as the first item at the top of the list.


  • The other available network names will also appear on the list, with the top having stronger signals.

It’s advisable not to use the default network SSID given during the initial setup. Default SSID typically gives some clue about the router brand, e.g., Netgear99 – that poses as an easier target for malicious intruders because they already have a clue on what router you’re using.

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Give it a name that you can easily remember but follow the best practice in giving a network name. Some of the don’ts are using a set of personal, meaningful dates (e.g. birthdate) or numbers (e.g. phone number).

Wi-Fi Network Password

You can find your Wi-Fi network default password at the same place you will find the network name or SSID – at the back of your router, on a sticker. Just like the SSID, you should also change the default password. Again, you should not use predictable passwords such as “12345678”, date of birth, or phone number.

you should not use predictable passwords

Changing Wireless Network Name (SSID) and Password

You can change your SSID and password using these steps:

Firstly, get your router’s IP address using this method:

  • Go to the Command Prompt by typing “cmd” on the search bar at the bottom-left of your computer screen.
  • Select the Command Prompt page.
  • Enter “ipconfig” and then press <Enter>.
  • You can see your router’s IP address in the Default Gateway section. 

see your router’s IP address in the Default Gateway section

Changing Your SSID and Password

These are the steps:

  • Next, open your web browser.
  • You will come to the Modem setup window – choose Wireless Setup.
  • Type in the new name on the SSID Name box.
  • Then, go to the Security key Type and click the radio button – it’s next to the Use Custom Key/Passphrase/Password. There’s a box right below it, and you can type your password there.
  • Lastly, click the Apply button.

SSID Name box

Frequently Asked Questions

Question: How can I check my Wi-Fi password?

Answer: Use the following method to find your Wi-Fi password:

  • Go to the Settings page.
  • Select Network and Sharing Center.
  • Select your wireless network name (SSID).
  • Go to the Wi-Fi Status page and select Wireless Properties.
  • Select the Security tab.
  • Click on the Show Characters checkbox.
  • You can see your Wi-Fi network password in the Network Security Key box.

Network Security Key

Question: How to recover a forgotten Wi-Fi password?

Answer: Losing your Wi-Fi password doesn’t mean you have to send your computer system to the technical service center. Here’s a simple method to retrieve your Wi-Fi password (assuming that you’re already connected to that Wi-Fi):

  • Go to the bottom-right of your computer screen and click the Wi-Fi Network button.
  • Select Network & Internet Settings.
  • On the next page, from the menu on the left, select Wi-Fi.
  • Scroll further down until you see the Change Adapter option, and click it.
  • Select Status.
  • Select Wireless Properties.
  • Select Security.
  • Below the Network security key, you can see the Show characters box. Check the box next to it.
  • Now you can see the password.


Wi-Fi is everyone’s main need when it comes to the internet and online activities, especially when you’re at home or when you run out of cellular data on your phone or tablet.

While it’s not necessary to know about all the technicalities and terms related to Wi-Fi networks, it’s useful to understand the importance of your Wi-Fi network’s credentials. Hopefully, this article helped you understand the importance of these credentials, and how to protect your Wi-Fi network from malicious intruders by setting up stronger and safer Wi-Fi names and passwords.

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